Open Journal Systems

Cover Image

Inventory of plants in the Mangrove Botanic Garden of Gunung Anyar and their potential as medicinal plants

Melisnawati H Angio, Elga Renjana, Linda Wige Ningrum, Elok Rifqi Firdiana, Rony Irawanto

Abstract

Mangrove forest is located along the coastal area and regularly waterlogged because it is influenced by the tides, and has an important ecological function for life. Mangrove forest, especially in urban areas, is the most threatened and damaged ecosystem. Surabaya has a mangrove forest in the Mangrove Botanic Garden of Gunung Anyar (MBGGA) with an area of 32,761 m2 and has the potential for educational tourism. Scientific information concerning plant species in MBGGA is needed to support this potential. This study aimed to inventory the mangrove plants and their associated species in MBGGA and their potential as medicinal plants. The inventory was carried out by tracking method while information on medicinal potential was obtained through literature study. The results showed that MBGGA had 14 mangrove species and 11 mangrove-associated species. Around 18 species are included in the least concern category and one in the vulnerable category of the IUCN red list. All plant species in MBGGA also have potential as medicinal plants and almost all their parts, including leaves, fruit, bark, and roots, can be used for that purpose. This study showed that MBGGA was rich in mangrove species and their associated plants which were potential as medicine.

Keywords

Ecosystem; edutourism; mangrove forest; medicinal plants; Pamurbaya

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 142 times
PDF downloaded - 72 times

Full Text:

PDF

References

Abou, O., Elisée, K. K., Vénérer, M. S., Bi, S., & Ibrahim, K. (2018). Study of the antibacterial activity of bark extracts from Terminalia mantaly (Combretaceae) on the in vitro growth of eight (8) clinical enterobacteria strains. Journal of Medicianal Plants Studies, 6(2), 101–105.

Abubakar, S., Kadir, M. A., Wibowo, E. S., & Akbar, N. (2019). Manfaat mangrove bagi peruntukan sediaan farmasitika di Desa Mamuya Kecamatan Galela Timur Kabupaten Halmahera Timur (tinjauan etnofarmakologis). Jurnal Enggano, 4(1), 12–25.

Al Mamoon, S., & Azam, M. G. (2012). Preliminary phytochemical screening and antidiarrhoeal activity of Derris trifoliata Lour. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 3(1), 97–100.

Anand, A. V., Divya, N., & Kotti, P. P. (2015). An updated review of Terminalia catappa. Pharmacognosy Reviews, 9(18), 93–98.

Basak, U. C., Singh, S., & Rout, P. (2016). Nutritional and antioxidant properties of some edible mangrove fruits used by rural communities. J. Agric. Food. Tech, 6(1), 1–6.

Batool, N., Ilyas, N., & Shahzad, A. (2014). Asiatic mangrove (Rhizophora mucronata) - An overview. European Academic Research, II(3), 3348–3363.

Belhekar, S. N., Chaudhari, P. D., Saryawanshi, J. S., Mali, K. K., & Pandhare, R. B. (2013). Antidiabetic and antihyperlipidemic effects of thespesia populnea fruit pulp extracts on alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 75(2), 217–221.

Bibi, S. N., Fawzi, M. M., Gokhan, Z., Rajesh, J., Nadeem, N., Kannan, R. R. R., Albuquerque, R. D. D. G., & Pandian, S. K. (2019). Ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, and global distribution of mangroves—A comprehensive review. Marine Drugs, 17(231), 1–82.

Chan, H. T., Boonkerd, T., & Othman, S. (2016). Bruguiera sexangula (PROSEA). PlantUse English (Date Accessed: Ferbuary 18, 2021). https://uses.plantnet-project.org

Chothani, D. L., Patel, M. B., Mishira, S. H., & Vaghasiya, H. U. (2010). Review on Ruellia tuberosa (cracker plant). Pharmacognosy Journal, 2(12), 506–512.

Divya, N., & Anand, V. A. (2014). Phytochemical investigation andin vitro anti-diabetic activity of Terminalia catappa leaves. International Journal of Phytopharmacy, 4, 132–134.

Donato, D. C., Kauffman, J. B., Murdiyarso, D., Kurnianto, S., Stidham, M., & Kanninen, M. (2011). Mangroves among the most carbon-rich forests in the tropics. Nature Geoscience, 4(5), 293–297.

Ebana, R. U. B., Etok, C. A., & Edet, U. O. (2015). Phytochemical screening and antimicrobial activity of Nypa fruticans harvested from Oporo River in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria. International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, 10(4), 1120–1124.

Fitriya, M. P. T. (2021). Etnobotani dan konservasi tumbuhan mangrove oleh masyarakat Ra’as Kabupaten Sumenep Provinsi Jawa Timur (Thesis). In Program Studi Biologi. Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim.

Harly, P. O., & Kristi, E. J. (2013). Fasilitas edu-wisata pembudidayaan mangrove Wonorejo di Surabaya. Jurnal EDimensi Arsitektur, 1(1–2), 70–76.

Harris, J. G., & Harris, M. W. (2001). Plant Identification Terminology. Spring Lake Publishing, Utah.

Heriyanto, N. M. (2011). Kandungan logam berat pada tumbuhan tanah, air, ikan dan udang di hutan mangrove. Jurnal Penelitian Hutan Tanaman, 8(4), 197–205.

Heriyanto, N. M., & Subiandono, E. (2012). Komposisi dan struktur tegakan, biomasa, dan potensi kandungan karbon hutan mangrove di Taman Nasional Alas Purwo. Jurnal Penelitian Hutan Dan Konservasi Alam, 9(1), 023–032.

Hossain, M. A., Islam, M. A., Sarker, S., Rahman, M., & Siraj, M. A. (2013). Assessment of phytochemical and pharmacological properties of ethanolic extract of Cerbera manghas L. leaves. International Research Journal of Pharmacy, 4(5), 120–123.

Irawanto, R. (2020). Keanekaragaman vegetasi mangrove di pesisir Kota Surabaya dan potensinya sebagai fitoremediator lingkungan. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Biologi Di Era Pandemi COVID-19 Gowa, September, 413–422.

IUCN. (2021). The IUCN Red List of Treatened Species. Version 2021-1. International Union for Conservation of Nature (Date Accessed: February 18, 2021). https://www.iucnredlist.org.

Jones, W. P., Lobo-Echeverri, T., Mi, Q., Chai, H., Lee, D., Soejarto, D. D., Cordell, G. A., Pezzuto, J. M., Swanson, S. M., & Kinghorn, A. D. (2005). Antitumour activity of 3-chlorodeoxylapachol, a naphthoquinone from Avicennia germinans collected from an experimental plot in southern Florida. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 57, 1–8.

Kader, M. A., Parvin, S., uzzaman Chowduri, M. A., & Haque, M. E. (2012). Antibacterial, antifungal and insecticidal activities of Ruellia tuberosa (L.) root extract. Journal of Bio-Science, 20(0), 91–97.

Kainuma, M., Baba, S., Chan, H. T., Inoue, T., Tangah, J., & Chan, E. W. C. (2016). Medicinal plants of sandy shores: A short review on Calophyllum inophyllum and Thespesia populnea. International Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemical Research, 8(12), 2056–2062.

Kainuma, M., Kezuka, M., Inoue, T., Chan, E. W. C., Tangah, J., Baba, S., & Chan, H. T. (2015). Botany, uses, chemistry and bioactivities of mangrove plants I: Rhizophora stylosa. ISME/GLOMIS Electronic Journal, 13(4), 12–17.

Kaliamurthi, S., & Selvaraj, G. (2016). Insight on Excoecaria agallocha: An overview. Natural Products Chemistry & Research, 4(2), 1–6.

Kar, D. R., Farhad, S., & Sahu, P. K. (2015). A review on pharmacological profiles of ethno-medicinal plant : Avicennia alba Blume. International Journal of PharmaTech Research, 7(2), 370–373.

Kaur, M. (2015). Review on sea purslane. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, 3(5), 22–24.

Khushi, S., Hasan, M. M., Monjur-Al-Hossain, A. S. M., Hossain, M. L., & Sadhu, S. K. (2016). Medicinal activity of Avicennia officinalis: Evaluation of phytochemical and pharmacological properties. Saudi Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2(9), 250–255.

Kumar, J., Kumar, V. M. E., Rajanna, K. B., Mahesh, V., Naik, K. A. S., Pandey, A. K., Manjappa, N., & Jag, P. (2014). Ecological benefits of mangrove. Life Sciences Leaflets, 48, 85–88.

Kumar, V. (2016). Casuarina equisetifolia L.: A potential tree. Van Sangyan, 3(9), 14–17.

Martuti, T. N. K., Anggraito, Y. U., & Anggraini, S. (2019). Vegetation stratification in Semarang coastal area. Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education, 11(1), 139–147.

Namazi, R., Zabihollahi, R., Behbahani, M., & Rezae, A. (2013). Inhibitory activity of Avicennia marina, a medicinal plant in persian folk medicine, against HIV and HSV. Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 12(2), 435–443.

Noor, R. Y., Kazali, M., & Suryadiputra, I. N. N. (1999). Panduan Pengenalan Mangrove di Indonesia. PHKA/WI-IP, Bogor.

Pandya, N. B., Tigari, P., Dupadahalli, K., Kamurthy, H., & Nadendla, R. R. (2013). Antitumor and antioxidant status of Terminalia catappa against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma in Swiss albino mice. Indian Journal of Pharmacology, 45(5), 464–469.

Polidoro, B. A., Carpenter, K. E., Collins, L., Duke, N. C., Ellison, A. M., Ellison, J. C., Farnsworth, E. J., Fernando, E. S., Kathiresan, K., Koedam, N. E., Livingstone, S. R., Miyagi, T., Moore, G. E., Nam, V. N., Ong, J. E., Primavera, J. H., Salmo, S. G., Sanciangco, J. C., Sukardjo, S., … Yong, J. W. H. (2010). The loss of species: Mangrove extinction risk and geographic areas of global concern. PLoS ONE, 5(4), e10095.

Purwanti, R. (2016). Studi etnobotani pemanfaatan jenis-jenis mangrove sebagai tumbuhan obat di Sulawesi. Proceeding of Mulawarman Pharmaceuticals Conferences, 3(April 2016), 340–348.

Qurrohman, T., Hasibuan, P. A. Z., & Basyuni, M. (2020). Development of chemotherapeutic in mangrove leaves. International Journal of Scientific and Technology Research, 9(4), 143–145.

Rahayu, S. M., Syuhriatin, S., & Wiryanto, W. (2018). Keanekaragaman mangrove di Desa Gedangan, Kecamatan Purwodadi, Kabupaten Purworejo, Jawa Tengah. EnviroScienteae, 14(1), 62–69.

Rahman, M. A., Ahmed, A., & Shahid, I. (2011). Phytochemical and pharmacological properties of Bruguiera gymnorrhiza roots extract. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 3(3), 63–67.

Raja, S., & Ravindranadh, K. (2014). A complete profile on Xylocarpus moluccensis: Traditional uses, pharmacological activities and phytoconstituents. World Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2(12), 1770–1777.

Riski, P. (2018). Kebun Raya Mangrove akan Dibangun di Surabaya, Seperti Apa? Mongabay Situs Berita Lingkungan (Date Accessed: February 18, 2021).

Riwayati. (2014). Manfaat dan fungsi hutan mangrove bagi kehidupan. Jurnal Keluarga Sehat Sejahtera, 12(24), 17–23.

Rosyada, A., Anwari, M. S., & Muflihati. (2018). Pemanfaatan tumbuhan mangrove oleh masyarakat Desa Bakau Besar Laut Kecamatan Sungai Pinyuh Kabupaten Mempawah. Jurnal Hutan Lestari, 6(1), 62–70.

Rugayah, Retnowati, A., Windadri, F. I., & Hidayat, A. (2004). Pengumpulan Data Taksonomi. In Rugayah, E. Widjaja, & Praptiwi (Eds.), Pedoman Pengumpulan Data Keanekaragaman Flora (pp. 5–42). Pusat Penelitian Biologi-LIPI.

Saranya, A., Ramanathan, T., Kesavanarayanan, K. S., & Adam, A. (2015). Traditional medicinal uses, chemical constituents and biological activities of a mangrove plant, Acanthus ilicifolius Linn. : A brief review. American-Eurasian Journal Agricultural & Environmental Science, 15(2), 243–250.

Seepana, R., Perumal, K., Kada, N. M., Chatragadda, R., Raju, M., & Annamalai, V. (2016). Evaluation of antimicrobial properties from the mangrove Rhizophora apiculata and Bruguiera gymnorrhiza of Burmanallah coast, South Andaman, India. Journal of Coastal Life Medicine, 4(6), 475–478.

Simlai, A., Rai, A., Mishra, S., Mukherjee, K., & Roy, A. (2014). Antimicrobial and antioxidative activities in the bark extracts of Sonneratia caseolaris, a mangrove plant. Experimental and Clinical Science Journal, 13, 997–1010.

Singh, S., Sharma, S., Nath, C., Rath, S. K., & Singh, R. K. (2014). Essential safety pharmacology and safety evaluation of bioactive fraction of Xylocarpus moluccensis: An antidyslipidaemic agent. International Journal Medical Science and Clinical Invention, 1(3), 24–47.

Soemohardjo, S., Wiroatmodjo, P., Abdullah, A., Tantra, I. G. M., & Soegiarto, A. (1993). The economic and environmental values of mangrove forests and their present state of conservation in the South-East Asia/Pasific Region. ISME-ITTO-JIAM, 17–40.

Steenis, V. C. G. G. J. (2008). Flora untuk Sekolah di Indonesia. PT Pradnya Paramita, Jakarta.

Suganya, R., & Thangaraj, M. (2014). Mangrove plant Derris trifoliata- Evaluation of antibacterial property. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, 7(Suppl. 1), 230–232.

Tchuenmogne, M. A. T., Kammalac, T. N., Gohlke, S., Kouipou, R. M. T., Aslan, A., Kuzu, M., Comakli, V., Demirdag, R., Ngouela, S. A., Tsamo, E., Sewald, N., Lenta, B. N., & Boyom, F. F. (2017). Compounds from Terminalia mantaly L. (Combretaceae) stem bark exhibit potent inhibition against some pathogenic yeasts and enzymes of metabolic significance. Medicines, 4(6), 1–12.

Tjitrosoepomo, G. (1985). Morfologi Tumbuhan. Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.

Tomlinson, P. B. (1986). The Botany of Mangrove. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Trisbiantoro, D., Kusyairi, A., & Mansur, S. (2020). Analisis potensi obyek ekowisata mangrove Gunung Anyar Kelurahan Gunung Anyar Tambak, Kecamatan Gunung Anyar, Surabaya. Jurnal Techno-Fish, 4(1), 52–71.

Tsuji, K., Sebastian, L. S., Ghazalli, M. N. F., Ariffin, Z., Nordin, M. S., Khaidizar, M. I., & Dulloo, M. E. (2011). Biological and ethnobotanical characteristics of Nipa Palm (Nypa fructicans Wurmb.): A review. Sains Malaysiana, 40(12), 1407–1412.

Tumangger, B. S., & Fitriani, F. (2019). Identifikasi dan karateristik jenis akar mangrove berdasarkan kondisi tanah dan salinitas air laut di Kuala Langsa. Biologica Samudra, 1(1), 9–16.

Usman, H. H., Tolangara, A. R., & Hasan, S. (2019). Identification of mangrove associated plants in the North Beach of Malifut (North Halmahera Regency). International Journal of Science and Research Methodology, 11(3), 1–8.

Venkataiah, G., Ahmed, M. I., D.S., R., & Rejeena, M. (2013). Anti-diabetic activity of Acanthus ilicifolius root extract in alloxan induced diabetic rats. Indo American Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 3, 9007–9012.

Vinoth, R., Kumaravel, S., & Ranganathan, R. (2019). Therapeutic and traditional uses of mangrove plants. Journal of Drug Delivery and Therapeutics, 9(4-s), 849–854.

Weather Spark. (2021). Iklim dan Cuaca Rata-rata Sepanjang Tahun di Gunung Anyar. (Date Accessed: October 29, 2021).

Wijaya, N. I., & Huda, M. (2018). Monitoring sebaran vegetasi mangrove yang direhabilitasi di kawasan ekowisata mangrove Wonorejo Surabaya. Jurnal Ilmu Dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis, 10(3), 747–755.

Zou, J. H., Dai, J., Chen, X., & Yuan, J. Q. (2006). Pentacyclic triterpenoids from leaves of Excoecaria agallocha. Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, 54(6), 920–921.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.