Open Journal Systems

Cover Image

Carbon-stock estimation in three types of coal post-mining reclamation at East Kutai Regency, East Kalimantan

Fauziah Fauziah, Abban Putri Fiqa, Dewi Ayu Lestari, Sugeng Budiharta

Abstract

The success of a reclamation process could be evaluated by calculating the carbon stocks in the area. Carbon stock is an ecosystem service that can be assessed quantitatively. The reclamation process in the coal post-mining area in East Kalimantan needs to be assessed by comparing it to the reference area. The aim of this study was to determine the value of carbon stock in the three types of coal post-mining reclamation areas (Type A: without shade trees, Type B: with one species shade trees, Type C: with more than one species of shade trees), then compared to the natural forest area used as the reference site. The research was carried out by making plots inside the reference site and in the reclamation areas, at the tree, poles, and sapling stages. The results were analyzed descriptively and statistically for each reclamation type refer to the conservation area. The results showed that reclamation type C, with older year plant, had higher carbon stock compared to Type B, or Type A, ie. 51.9 t C/ha, 37.8 t C/ha, and 2.9 t C/ha respectively. However, the carbon stock in the three types of reclamation area is still much lower, than the conservation area which reaches 296.8 t C/ha. Thus, the older and more diverse species planted in a reclamation area plant, the higher carbon stock saved. Moreover, planting shade trees can also help increase the value of carbon stocks in a reclamation area.

Keywords

Carbon stock; ecosystem services; reference area; reclamation area

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 158 times
PDF downloaded - 54 times

Full Text:

PDF

References

Agus, C., Putra, P. B., Faridah, E., Wulandari, D., & Napitupulu, R. R. P. (2016). Organic carbon stock and their dynamics in rehabilitation ecosystem areas of post open coal mining at tropical region. Procedia Engineering, 159, 329–337.

Chave, J., Andalo, C., Brown, S., Cairns, M. A., Chambers, J. Q., Eamus, D., … Yamakura, T. (2005). Tree allometry and improved estimation of carbon stocks and balance in tropical forests. Oecologia, 145, 87–99.

Choi, Y. D. (2004). Theories for ecological restoration in changing environment: Toward “futuristic” restoration. Ecological Research, 19(1), 75–81.

Curran, L. M., Trigg, S. N., McDonald, A. K., Astiani, D., Hardiono, Y. M., Siregar, P., … Kasischke, E. (2004). Lowland forest loss in protected areas of Indonesian Borneo. Science, 303(5660), 1000–1003.

Fiqa, A. P., Fauziah, Lestari, D. A., & Budiharta, S. (2019). The importance of in-situ conservation area in mining concession in preserving diversity, threatened and potential floras in East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Biodiversitas, 20(1), 198–210.

Gibbs, H. K., Brown, S., Niles, J. O., & Foley, J. A. (2007). Monitoring and estimating tropical forest carbon stocks: Making REDD a reality. Environmental Research Letters, 2(4).

Hairiah, K., Ekadinata, A., Sari, R. R., & Rahayu, S. (2011). Pengukuran cadangan karbon: dari tingkat lahan ke bentang alam. Petunjuk praktis. World Agroforestry Centre, ICRAF SEA Regional Office, University of Brawijaya (2nd ed., Vol. 2). Malang: World Agroforestry Centre, ICRAF SEA Regional Office, University of Brawijaya.

Hairiah, K., & Rahayu, S. (2007). Pengukuran karbon tersimpan di berbagai macam penggunaan lahan. World Agroforestry Centre.

Hardjana, A. K., Noor’an, R. F., Tumakaka, I. S., & Rojikin, A. (2012). Pendugaan stok karbon kelompok jenis tegakan berdasarkan tipe potensi hutan di kawasan hutan lindung Sungai Wain. Jurnal Penelitian Dipterokarpa, 6(2), 85–96.

Hunter, J. T. (2015). Changes in allometric attributes and biomass of forests and woodlands across an altitudinal and rainfall gradient: What are the implications of increasing seasonality due to anthropogenic climate change? International Journal of Ecology, 208975, 1-10.

Ilyas, S. (2012). Carbon sequestration through reforestation in reclaimed coal mine sites in East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Journal of Environment and Earth Science, 2(10), 27–35.

Jhariya, D. C., Khan, R., & Thakur, G. S. (2016). Impact of Mining Activity on Environment: An Overview. In Proceedings of the Recent Practices and Innovations in Mining Industry (pp. 271–277). Raipur, India.

Lestari, D. A., Fiqa, A. P., Fauziah, & Budiharta, S. (2019). Growth evaluation of native tree species planted on post coal mining reclamation site in East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Biodiversitas, 20(1), 134–143.

Lutfi, M., & Antono, H. T. (2011). Estimasi biomassa hutan sekunder dan daerah reklamasi menggunakan teknologi inderaja dan sistem informasi geografi. Jurnal Teknologi Mineral dan Batubara, 7(2), 54–62.

Mahalik, G., & Satapathy, K. B. (2016). Impact of mining activity on water resource: An overview study. Scholars Academic Journal of Biosciences, 4(3), 224–227.

Masripatin, N., Ginoga, K., Pari, G., Dharmawan, W. S., Siregar, C. A., Wibowo, A., … Subekti, B. (2010). Cadangan karbon pada berbagai tipe hutan dan jenis tanaman di Indonesia. Bogor: Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perubahan Iklim dan Kebijakan. Balitbang Kehutanan.

McAlpine, C., Johnson, A., Salazar, A., Syktus, J., Wilson, K., Meijaard, E., … Sheil, D. (2018). Forest loss and Borneo’s climate. Environmental Research Letters, 13(4), 1–10.

Miettinen, J., Shi, C., & Liew, S. C. (2011). Deforestation rates in insular Southeast Asia between 2000 and 2010. Global Change Biology, 17(7), 2261–2270.

Noor, M. S., Hafizianoor, & Suyanto. (2020). Analisis cadangan karbon pada tanaman reklamasi lahan bekas pertambangan batubara di Pt. Borneo Indobara. Jurnal Hutan Tropis, 8(1), 99–108.

Purnomo, D. W., Fijridiyanto, I. A., & Witono, J. R. (2018). Penilaian variabel vegetasi pada lahan reklamasi bekas tambang emas di Ratatotok, Minahasa Tenggara. Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan Wallacea, 7(2), 93–108.

Rusdiana, O., & Lubis, R. (2012). Pendugaan korelasi antara karakteristik tanah terhadap cadangan karbon (Carbon Stock) pada hutan sekunder. Silvikultur Tropika, 3(1), 14–21.

Sheoran, V., Sheoran, A., & Poonia, P. (2010). Soil reclamation of abandoned mine land by revegetation: A review. International Journal of Soil, Sediment and Water, 3(2), 13.

Slik, J. W. F., Aiba, S. I., Brearley, F. Q., Cannon, C. H., Forshed, O., Kitayama, K., … van Valkenburg, J. L. C. H. (2010). Environmental correlates of tree biomass, basal area, wood specific gravity and stem density gradients in Borneo’s tropical forests. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 19(1), 50–60.

Supriadi, B., & Adiansyah, J. S. (2013). Carbon stock estimation at mining reclamation area: Case study Pt Newmont Nusa Tenggara. Lingkungan Tropis, 7(1), 1–9.

Syaufina, L., & Ikhsan, M. (2013). Estimasi simpanan karbon di atas permukaan lahan reklamasi pasca tambang UBPE Pongkor, Jawa Barat. Jurnal Silvikultur Tropika, 4(2), 100–107.

Tuah, N., Sulaeman, R., & Yoza, D. (2017). Penghitungan biomassa dan karbon di atas permukaan tanah di hutan larangan adat Rumbio Kab Kampar. JOM Faperta UR, 4(1), 1–10.

van der Laan, C., Budiman, A., Verstegen, J. A., Dekker, S. C., Effendy, W., Faaij, A. P. C., … Verweij, P. A. (2018). Analyses of land cover change trajectories leading to tropical forest loss: Illustrated for the West Kutai and MahakamUlu Districts, East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Land, 7(3), 1–19.

Whitten, T., van Dijk, P. P., Curran, L., Meijaard, E., Supriatna, J., & Ellis, S. (2004). Sundaland. In R. A. Mittermeier, P. R. Gil, M. Hoffman, J. Pilgrim, T. Brooks, C. G. Mittermeier, … G. A. B. Da Fonseca (Eds.), Hotspots revisited: Another look at Earth’s richest and most endangered terrestrial ecoregions (p. 300 pp). Mexico: Cemex.

Zhang, L., Deng, X., Lei, X., Xiang, W., Peng, C., Lei, P., & Yan, W. (2012). Determining stem biomass of Pinus massoniana L. through variations in basic density. Forestry, 85(5), 601–609.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.