Open Journal Systems

Gambar Sampul

Protection Efforts of Lutjanus bohar (The Two-Spot Red Snapper) Spawning Area in Hoga Island Waters, Kaledupa-Wakatobi National Park

Muhajirin Muhajirin, La Ode Orba, La Ode Sahari

Abstrak

A spawning area of Lutjanus bohar, a marine fish of high economic value, is one of the eight important resources of Wakatobi and also a critical habitat in the waters of Hoga Island. For protecting the area, Wakatobi National Park has stated the area as a tourism zone (no-take zone). This research was conducted to evaluate progress toward spawning-area protection by examine number of individuals, length size of fish, and trespassing cases that occurred in the spawning area. Research was carried out in 2018-2019. Number of individuals and size of fish were collected by referring to the monitoring guidelines for the Spawning Aggregation Site (SPAGs), and observations with an Underwater Visual Census. Trespassing case data were collected by interview key persons. Descriptive analysis was used to describe progress toward spawning-area protection. The results indicate that the protection effort of spawning area has a positive impact in increasing number of individuals and length of Lutjanus bohar. However, number of trespassing cases in the waters of Hoga Island still shows an increase. Fishing activities are the most trespassing cases occurred in the spawning area. This approach should be implemented to evaluate the progress towards protection efforts, besides increasing the number of patrols and socialization with fishermen to increase their awareness.

Kata Kunci

Fish spawning area; zoning; Lutjanus bohar

Article Metrics

Abstrak view : 88 times
PDF downloaded - 46 times

Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi

Adimu, H. E. (2018) Strategi pengelolaan kawasan konservasi yang efektif dan berkelanjutan di Taman Nasional Wakatobi (Tesis). Bogor: Jurusan Manajemen Sumber Daya Perairan Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Institut Pertanian Bogor.

BTNK. (2009). Buku Standar Pengamanan Terpadu Kawasan Taman Nasional Karimunjawa. Balai Taman Nasional Karimunjawa. Semarang

BTNW. (2005). Petunjuk teknis pengamanan kawasan Taman Nasional Wakatobi. Taman Nasional wakatobi. Bau-Bau, Sulawesi Tenggara.

BTNW. (2007). Zonasi Taman Nasional Wakatobi. Balai Taman Nasional Wakatobi. Bau-Bau, Sulawesi Tenggara.

BTNW. (2019). Laporan Monitoring SPAGS Seksi Pengelolaan Taman Nasional Wilayah II Kaledupa. Laporan Hasil Monitoring. Balai Taman Nasional Wakatobi. Wakatobi, Sulawesi Tenggara.

Caras, T., Pasternak, Z. (2009). Long-term environmental impact of coral mining at the Wakatobi Marine Park, Indonesia. Ocean & Coastal Management, 52(10), 539-544.

Clifton, J. (2013). Refocusing conservation through a cultural lens: improving governance in the Wakatobi National Park, Indonesia. Marine Policy, 41, 80-86.

English, S., Wilkinson, C., & Baker, V. (1997). Survey manual for tropical marine resources. Second Edition. Townsville: Australian Institute of Marine Science.

Fasa, L. (2012). Penegakan hukum dengan upaya non penal dalam penanggulangan tindak pidana di bidang konservasi sumber daya alam hayati dan ekosistemnya di Taman Nasional Wakatobi (Tesis). Surakarta: Jurusan Ilmu Hukum Fakultas Hukum Universitas Sebelas Maret.

Firmansyah, F. Mustofa A., Estradivari, Damora, A., Handayani, C., Ahmadia, G., Harris, J., Amkietiela, Teule, K.J., Sugiyanta, Santiadji, V., Wijonarno, A., Yusuf, M. (2017). Keterkaitan antara sistem zonasi dengan dinamika status ekosistem terumbu karang di Taman Nasional Wakatobi. Coastal and Ocean Journal, 1(2), 147-156.

Firmansyah, F., Musthofa, A., Estradivari, Damora, A., Handayani, C., Ahmadia, G., & Haris, J. (2016). Satu dekade pengelolaan Taman Nasional Wakatobi: Keberhasilan dan tantangan konservasi laut. Laporan Hasil Penelitian. WWF-ID. Jakarta, DKI Jakarta.

Kasiyan. (2015). Kesalahan implementasi teknik triangulasi pada uji validitas data skripsi mahasiswa jurusan pendidikan seni rupa FBS UNY. Jurnal Imaji, 13(1), 1-13.

Kusherawanti, S. & Dermawan M. (2016). Implementasi Kemitraan dalam Pemolisian Komunitas Untuk Pencegahan Praktik Destructive Fishing (Studi Kasus Perairan Laut Maluku Utara). Skripsi. Universitas Indonesia, Depok

Pemerintah Republik Indonesia. (1990). Undang-Undang Nomor 5 tahun tentang Konservasi Sumber Daya Alam Hayati dan Ekosistemnya. Jakarta: Biro Hukum dan Perundang-Undangan.

RARE, TNW, & WWF. (2011). Rencana proyek kampanye pride Taman Nasional Wakatobi. Laporan Dokumen Perencanaan. RARE. Jakarta, DKI Jakarta. (Tidak Dipublikasikan)

Rotich, D. (2012). Concepts of zoning management in protected areas. Journal of Environment and Earth Science, 2(10), 173-183.

Sultan, S. (2017). Dasar-dasar pengamanan hutan. Ombak. Yogyakarta, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta.

Yun Lu, S., Shen, C.H., Chiau, W.Y. (2014). Zoning strategies for marine protected areas in Taiwan: case study of Gueishan Island in Yilan Country, Taiwan. Marine Policy, 48, 21-29.

Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.