Open Journal Systems

Gambar Sampul

Impact of intensive sylviculture system (TPTII/SILIN) on understory bird community at Triwira Asta Bharata Forest Concession, East Kalimantan

Adi Susilo, Indra A.S.L.P. Putri

Sari

The objective of the research is to identify the impact of Intensive Indonesian Selective Cutting and Replanting System (TPTII/SILIN) at dipterocarp production forest on understory birds community. Two forest blocks were compared, one with TPTII/SILIN and the other with Indonesian Selective Cutting and Replanting System (TPTI).  At each forest block, 10 of 4 x 10 m mist nets were installed for three days and then they were moved to other spot for other three days.  Mist nets were opened from 06:00 to 17:00 and monitored every 15 minutes.  The trapped bird was identified and body size measured, then subsequently released.  Data was analyzed by using Important Value Index, Shannon-Weinner Diversity Index, Margalef Species Richness Index, Simpson Dominance Index, and Sorensen Similarity Index.  Number of individu, number of species, Shanon-Wiener Diversity Index were compared statistically using student t-test.  The result showed that Ceyx erithacus and Arcahnotera longirostra hold the highest important value index in TPTI and TPTII/SILIN respectively.  Bird abundance, Shannon-Weinner Diversity Index and Margalef Species Richness Index were lower in TPTI than TPTII/SILIN.  Meanwhile Simpson Dominance Index was higher at TPTI than TPTII/SILIN.  Statistical analysis for the data of the two forest blocks showed significant differences on number of individual, number of species and Shannon-Weiner Diversity Index.  TPTII/SILIN was better in supporting understory birds community than those of TPTI.

Kata Kunci

Intensive silviculture; species diversity; understory bird; forest concession

Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi

Budiansyah, B. (2006). Komposisi dan Struktur Tegakan Areal Bekas Tebangan dengan Sistem Silvikultur Tebang Pilih Tanam Indonesia Intensif (TPTII) di Areal IUPHHK PT. Erna Djuliawati, Kalimantan Tengah. Fakultas Kehutanan Institut Pertanian Bogor (Skripsi). Tidak dipublikasikan. 98p.

Butarbutar, T. (2014). Sistem silvikultur tebang pilih untuk mitigasi perubahan iklim melalui kerangka REDD+. Jurnal Analisis Kebijakan Kehutanan, 11(2): 163 – 173.

Brower, J.E., J.H. Zar, (1998). Field and Laboratory Methods for General Ecology. Dubuque Lowa: W. M. Brown Company Publ.

Chan, S.S., Larson, D.J., Maas-Hebner, K.G., Emmingham, W.H., Johnston, S.R., Mikowski, D.A. (2006). Overstory and understory development in thinned and underplanted Oregon Coast Range Douglas-fir stands. Canadian Journalof Forestry Research, 36, 2696–2711.

Cleary, D.R., Boyle, T.J.B., Setyawati, T., Anggraeni, C., Van Loon, E.E., Menken, S.B.J. (2007). Bird species and traits associated with logged and unlogged forest in Borneo. Ecological Applications, 17(4), 1184–1197.

Costa, F.R.C., Magnusson, W.E. (2003). Effects of selective logging on the diversity and abundance of flowering and fruiting understory plants in a central Amazonian forest. Biotropica, 35(1), 103–114.

Departemen Kehutanan. (1993). Pedoman dan Petunjuk Teknis Tebang Pilih Tanam Indonesia (TPTI) pada Hutan Alam Daratan. Jakarta: Direktorat Jenderal Pengusahaan Kehutanan.

Dupuy, J.M., Chazdon, R.L. (2006). Effects of vegetation cover on seedling and sapling dynamics in secondary tropical wet forests in Costa Rica. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 22, 65–76.

Edwards, D.P., Larsen, T.H., Docherty, T.D.S., Ansell, F.F., Hsu, W.W., Derhe, M.A., Hamer, K.C., Wilcove, D.S. (2011). Degraded lands worth protecting: the biological importance of Southeast Asia’s repeatedly logged forests. Proceeding of The Royal Society B 278: 82–90, Doi:10.1098/rspb.2010.1062.

Elzinga, J.A., Atlan, A., Biere, A., Gigord, L., Weis, A.E., Bernasconi, G. (2007). Time after time: flowering phenology and biotic interaction. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 22(8), 423-427.

Ernst, R., Linsenmair, K.E., Rodel, M. (2006). Diversity erosion beyond the species level: Dramatic loss of functional diversity after selective logging in two tropical amphibian communities. Biological Conservation, 133, 143–155. Doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2006.05.028.

Fachrul, M.F. (2007). Metode Sampling Bioekologi. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara. 208 h.

Ghazoul, J. (2006). Floral diversity and the facilitation of pollination. Journal of Ecology, 94, 295-304. Doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2745.2006.01098.x.

Hardiansyah, G.(2013). Studi pertumbuhan tanaman Merantisistem TPTJ di IUPHHK PT.SJM Kalbar. Jurnal Hutan Tropis, 1(1), 71-75.

Hasanah, P. (2009). Kajian Aspek Vegetasi dalam Penerapan TPTI Intensif Di IUPHHK/HA PT. Sarmeinto Parakantja Timber, Kalimantan Tengah (Skripsi). Bogor: Fakultas Kehutanan Institut Pertanian Bogor. Tidak dipublikasikan. 48p.

Heddy, S., Kurniati, M. (1996). Prinsip-prinsip dasar ekologi: Suatu bahasan tentang kaidah ekologi dan penerapannya. Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada. 271 h.

Holbech, L.H. (2005). The implications of selective logging and forest fragmentation for the conservation of avian diversity in evergreen forests of south-west Ghana. Bird Conservation International, 15, 27–52. Doi:10.1017/S0959270905000031.

Holmes, D., Nash, S. (1999). Burung-burung di Sumatera dan Kalimantan. Jakarta: Pusat Penelitian dan Perkembangan Biologi LIPI.

Indrawan, A. (2008). Sejarah perkembangan sistem silvikultur di Indonesia. Prosiding Lokakarya Nasional Penerapan Multisistem Silvikultur pada Pengusahan Hutan Produksi dalam Rangka Peningkatan Produktivitas dan Pemanfaatan Kawasan Hutan. Tanggal 23 Agustus 2016. Bogor: Fakultas Kehutanan IPB dan Direktorat Jenderal Bina Produksi Departemen Kehutanan.

Istomo. (2006). Evaluasi dan penyesuaian sistem silvikultur hutan rawa gambut, khususnya jenis ramin (Gonystylus bancanus (Miq.) Kurz.) di Indonesia. Prosiding Workshop Nasional Alternatif Kebijakan dalam Pelestarian dan Pemanfaatan Ramin. Bogor, 22 Februari 2006. Bogor: Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hutan dan Konservasi Alam bekerjasama dengan ITTO PPD 87/03 Rev.2(F).

IUCN. (2015). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. http://www.iucnredlist.org/. Diakses 1-3 Juli 2015.

Lindh, B.C. (2008). Flowering of understory herbs following thinning in the western Cascades, Oregon. Forest Ecology and Management, 256, 929–93. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2008.05.055.

MacKinnon, J., Phillips, K., van Balen, B. (2010).LIPI-Seri Panduan Lapangan: Burung-burung di Sumatera, Jawa, Bali dan Kalimantan. Jakarta: BirdLife-Indonesia Programme.

McGrath, L.J., van Riper III, C., Fontaine, J.J. (2009). Flower power: tree flowering phenology as a settlement cue for migrating birds. Journal of Animal Ecology, 78, 22–30. Doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2656.2008.01464.x.

Nurtjahjawilasa, Duryat, K., Yasman, I., Septiani, Y., Lasmini. (2013). Konsep dan Kebijakan Pengelolaan Hutan Produksi Lestari dan Implementasinya. Jakarta: Program Terestrial The Nature Conservancy Indonesia.

Odum, E.P., (1971). Fundamental of Ecology. Philidelphia: W.E Saunders, 574p.

Pena-Claros, M., Boot, R.G.A., Dorado-Lora, J., Zonta, A. (2002). Enrichment planting of Bertholletia excels in secondary forest in the Bolivian Amazon: effect of cutting line witdh on survival, growth and crown traits. Forest Ecology and Management, 161, 159-168.

Plumptre, A. C. Dranzoa, I. Owiunji. (2001). Bird communities in logged and unloggeda African forests: Lessons from Uganda and Beyond. In The Cutting Edge: Conserving Wildlife in Logged Tropical Forests. R.A. Fimbel, A. Grajal. J.G. Robinson (eds), 700 p. New York. United States of America: Columbia University Press.

Purba, C.P.P, Nanggara, S.G., Ratriyono, M., Apriani, I., Rosalina, L., Sari, N.A., Meridian, A.H. (2014). Potret Keadaan Hutan Indonesia 2009 - 2013. Bogor: Forest Wacth Indonesia.

Putz, F.E., Romero, C. (2014). Futures of Tropical Forest (sensu lato). Biotropica, 46(4), 495 – 505. Doi: 10.1111/btp.12124.

Raich, J.W. dan Khoon, G.K. (1990). Effects of canopy openings on tree seed germination in a Malaysian dipterocarp forest. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 6, 203-217.

Ralph, C.J., E. H. Dunn, W. J. Peach, C. M. HandeL. (2004). Recommendations for the use of mist nets for inventory and monitoring of bird populations. Studies in Avian Biology, 29, 187–196.

Restrepo, C., Gomez, N., Heredia, S. (1999). Anthropogenic edges, treefall gaps, and fruit–frugivore interactions in a neotropical montane forest. Ecology, 80(2), 668–685.

Royo, A.A., Carson, W.P. (2006). On the formation of dense understory layers in forests worldwide: consequences and implications for forest dynamics, biodiversity, and succession. Canadian Journal of Forestry Research, 36, 1345-1362. Doi: 10.1 1391x06-02.

Rozzi, R., J.E. Jimenez, F. Massardo, J.C. Torries-Mura, R. Rijal. (2014). The Omora Park Long-term ornithological researchprogram; study sites and methods. In Magellanic Sub-Antarctic Ornithology: The First Decade of Long-Term Bird Studies at the Omora Ethnobotanical Park, Cape Horn Biosphere Reserve, Chile. R. Rozzi dan J. E. Jimenez (eds). The University of North Texas Press & Ediciones Universidad de Magallanes. Denton, Texas. United States, 392p.

Saharjo, B.H., G. Cornelio. (2011). Suksesi alami paska kebakaran pada hutan

sekunder di Desa Fatuquero, Kecamatan Railaco, Kabupaten Ermera

Timor Leste. Jurnal Silvikultur Tropika, 2(1), 40-45.

Sapkota, I.P. dan Oden, P.C. (2009). Gap characteristics and their effects on regeneration, dominance and early growth of woody species. Journal of Plant Ecology, 2(1), 21–29. Doi: 10.1093/jpe/rtp004.

Schulze, C.H., Riedl, I. (2008). Bird assemblages of forested andhuman-modified countryside habitats in the Pacificlowlands of southern Costa Rica. Stapfia, 88(80), 395-408.

Soekotjo. (2009). Teknik Silvikultur Intensif (SILIN). Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Soendjoto, M.A., Riefani, M.K., Triwibowo, D., Anshari, M.N., Metasari, D. (2015). Satwa liar di area reklamasi PT Adaro Indonesia, Kalimantan Selatan yang direvegetasi kurang dari dua tahun. Dalam Prosiding Seminar Nasional Konservasi dan Pemanfaatan Sumber Daya Alam 192-199. 13 Januari 2015. FKIP Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta.

Stang, M., Klinkhamer, P.G.L., Van der Meijden, E. (2006). Size constraints and flower abundance determine the number of interactions in a plant-flower visitor web. Oikos, 112, 111-121.

Swaine, M.D. dan Whitmore, T.C. (1988). On the definition of ecological species groups in tropical rain forests. Vegetatio, 75, 81-86.

Tavankar, F., Bonyad, A.E. (2015). Effects of timber harvest on structural diversity and species composition in hardwood forests. Biodiversitas, 16(1), 1 – 9. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d160101.

Wagner, S., Fischer, H., Huth, F. (2011). Canopy effects on vegetation caused by harvesting and regeneration treatments. European Journal of Forest Research, 130, 17–40. Doi: 10.1007/s10342-010-0378-z.

Yu, Y., Baskin, J.M., Baskin, C.C., Tang, Y., Cao, M. (2007). Ecology of seed germination of eight non-pioneer tree species from a tropical seasonal rain forest in southwest China. Plant Ecology, 197, 1–16. Doi: 10.1007/s11258-007-9355-0.

Yuniar, M. (2013). 33,6 juta hektare hutan produksi terlantar. http://bisnis.tempo.co/read/news/2013/09/04/090510218/33-6-juta-hektare-hutan-produksi-telantar. Diakses 26 Juni 2015.

Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.