Open Journal Systems

Gambar Sampul

VILLAGE COMMUNITY AND FLORA BIODIVERSITY MANAGEMENT IN HOME GARDEN SYSTEM AT CENTRAL OF SUMBA REGENCY

Gerson Ndawa Njurumana

Sari

Flora biodiversity is a strategic resource due its various potential uses for human benefit. Population growth is sometimes considered to be a contributory factor in the degradation of the biological resources, conversely, the population plays an important role in its conservation. This research aimed to understand the flora biodiversity management, structure and composition of plants in home-garden system. The research was conducted in Central Sumba Regency. Methods used were interview and observation. Data were analysed descriptively and qualitatively. The result showed that the flora biodiversity management in home garden based on poly-culture approach, a holistic beneficially as a socio-cultural-religious attribute, economic-income and ecology-conservation. The structure and composition of plant in the home-garden  they include the variation of the important value index. The expansion of the residential areas positively impact the flora biodiversity conservation in home-garden system.

Kata Kunci

Community; village; flora biodiversity; home-garden

Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi

Adenle, A.A., Stevens, C., Bridgewater, P. (2015). Global Conservation and Management of Biodiversity in Developing Countries: An Opportunity for a New Approach. Environmental Science & Policy, 45, 104-108.

Akhtar, S. (2013). Areca nut chewing and esophageal squamous-cell carcinoma risk in Asians : A meta-a nalysis of case-control studies. Cancer Causes Control, 24, 257-265.

Anonim. (2006). Laporan Penyusunan Data Base dan Informasi DAS di Wilayah BPDAS Benain Noelmina Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur Tahun 2005. Kupang: Kerjasama Balai Pengelolaan DAS Noelmina Noelmina dengan Pusat Penelitian Lingkungan Hidup, Universitas Nusa Cendana.

Banilodu L. dan N.T Saka. (1993). Descriptive Analysis of Sumba Forest. Kupang: Widya Mandira Catholic University.

Butchart, S.H., Walpole, M., Collen, B., van-Strien, A., Scharlemann, J. P., Almond, R. E., Baillie, J. E., Bomhard, B., Brown, C., Bruno, J., Carpenter, K. E., Carr, G. M., Chanson,J., Chenery, A. M., Csirke, J., Davidson, N. C., Dentener, F., Foster, M., Galli, A., Galloway, J.N., Genovesi, P., Gregory, R.D., Hockings, M., Kapos, V., Lamarque, J.F., Leverington, F., Loh, J., McGeoch, M.A., McRae, L., Minasyan, A., Hernandez, Morcillo, M., Oldfield, T.E., Pauly, D., Quader, S., Revenga, C., Sauer, J.R., Skolnik, B., Spear, D., Stanwell-Smith, D., Stuart, S.N., Symes, A., Tierney, M., Tyrrell, T.D., Vie, J.C., Watson, R. (2010). Global Biodiversity: Indicators of Recent Declines. Science, 328, 1164–1168.

Borg, R., Toikka, A., Primmer, E. (2015). Social Capital and Governance: A Social Network Analysis of Forest Biodiversity Collaboration in Central Finland. Forest Policy and Economics, 50, 90-97.

Cárcamo, P.F., Garay-Flühmann, R., Squeo, F.A., Gaymer, C.F. (2014). Using Stakeholders’ Perspective of Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity Features to Plan a Marine Protected Area. Environmental Science & Policy, 40, 116-131.

Charnley, S., A.P. Fischer, E.T. Jones. (2007). Integrating Traditional and Local Ecological Knowledge into Forest Biodiversity Conservation in the Pacific Northwest. Forest Ecology and Management, 246, 14-28.

Cook, E., Hall, S., Larson, K. (2011). Residential Landscape as Social-Ecological System: A Synthesis of Multi-Scalar Interactions Between People and Their Home Environment. Urban Ecosystems, 8, 1-34.

Dasgupta, A., Beard, V.A. (2008). Community Driven Development, Collective Action and Elite Capture in Indonesia. Development Change, 38(2), 229-249.

Dikgang, J. & Muchapondwa, E. (2012). The Valuation of Biodiversity Conservation by the South African Khomani San “Bushmen” Community. Ecological Economics, 84, 7-14.

Ens, E.J., Pert, P., Clarke, P.A., Budden, M., Clubb, L., Doran, B., Douras, C., Gaikwad, J., Gott, B., Leonard, S., Locke, J., Packer, J., Turpin, G., Wason, S. (2015). Indigenous Biocultural Knowledge in Ecosystem Science and Management: Review and Insight from Australia. Biological Conservation, 181, 133-149.

Fischer, R., Maginnis, S., Jackson, W., Barrow, E., Jeanrenaud, S., Ingles, A., Friend, R., Mehrota, R., Farvar, T., Laurie, M., Oviedo, G. (2008). Linking Conservation and Poverty Reduction: Landscape, People and Power. IUCN-The World Conservation Union.

Feinberg, D.S., Hostetler, M.E., Reed, S.E., Pienaar, E.F., Pejchar, L. (2015). Evaluating Management Strategies to Enhance Biodiversity in Conservation Developments: Perspectives from Developers in Colorado, USA. Landscape and Urban Planning, 136, 87-96.

Frison, E. A., Smith, I.F., Johns, T., Cherfas, J., Eyzaguirre, P. (2006). Agricultural Biodiversity, Nutrition and Health : Making Difference to Hunger and Nutrition in the Developing World. Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 27, 167-179.

Gao, T., Hedblom, M., Emilsson, T., Nielsen, A.B. (2014) The Role of Forest Stand Structure as Biodiversity Indicator. Forest Ecology and Management, 330, 82-93.

Garbach, K., Milder, J.C., Montenegro, M., Karp, D.S., DeClerck F.A.J. (2014). Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in Agroecosystems. Encyclopedia of Agriculture and Food Systems, 9, 21-40.

Grove, J.M., Troy, A.R., O’Neil-Dunne, J.P.M., Burch, W.R., Cadenasso, M.L., Picket, S.T.A. (2006). Characterization of Household and its Implications for the Vegetation of Urban Ecosystems. Ecosystems, 9, 578-597.

Halkos, G.E., Jones, N. (2012) Modeling the Effect of Social Factors on Improving Biodiversity Protection. Ecological Economics, 78, 90-99.

Harrison, P.A., Berry, P.M., Simpson, G., Haslett, J.R., Blicharska, M., Bucur, M., Dunford, R., Egoh, B., Garcia-Llorente, M., Geamănă, N., Geertsema, W., Lommelen, E., Meiresonne, L., Turkelboom, F. (2014). Linkages Between Biodiversity Attributes and Ecosystem Services: A Systematic Review. Ecosystem Services, 9, 191-203.

Houdet, J., Trommetter, M., Weber, J. (2012). Understanding Changes in Business Strategies Regarding Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. Ecological Economics, 73, 37-46.

Jeanneret, P., Baumgartner, D.U., Knuchel, R.F., Koch, B., Gaillard, G. (2014). An Expert System for Integrating Biodiversity into Agricultural Life-cycle Assessmen. Ecological Indicators, 46, 224-231.

Johansson, T., Hjältén, J., de Jong, J., Stedingk, H.V. (2013). Environmental Considerations from Legislation and Certification in Managed Forest Stands: A Review of Their Importance for Biodiversity. Forest Ecology and Management, 303, 98–112.

Jones, E.T., & Lynch, K. A. (2007). Nontimber Forest Products and Biodiversity Management in the Pacific Northwest. Forest Ecology and Management, 246, 29-37.

Jepson P., Rais S., Ora A.B. dan Raharjaningtrah W. (1996). Identifikasi Jaringan Kawasan Konservasi untuk Pelestarian Nilai-Nilai Hutan di Pulau Sumba, Nusa Tenggara Timur. Bogor: BirdLife International-Indonesia Programme dan PHPA-Departemen Kehutanan.

Kangalawe, R.Y.M., Noe, C. (2012). Biodiversity Conservation and Poverty Alleviation in Namtumbo District, Tanzania. Agriculture, Ecosystem and Environment, 162, 90-100.

Kinnaird, F.M., A.F. Sitompul, J.S. Walker dan A.J. Cahill. (2003). Pulau Sumba : Ringkasan Hasil Penelitian 1995-2002. Memorandum Teknis 6. Bogor: PHKA/ Wildlife Conservation Society – Indonesia Program.

Koopowitz, H., Thomhill, A.D., & Andersen, M. (1994). A General Stochastic Model for the Prediction of Biodiversity Losses Based On Habitat Conversion. Conservation Biology, 8, 425-438.

Lele, S., Wilshusen, P., Brockington, D., Seidler, R., Bawa, K. (2010). Beyond Exclusion: Alternative Approaches to Biodiversity Conservation in the Developing Tropics. Current Opinion Environment Sustainability, 2, 1-7.

Lestari, S., Kotani, K., Kakinaka, M. (2015). Enhancing Voluntary Participation in Community Collaborative Forest Management: A case of Central Java, Indonesia. Environmental Management, 150, 299-309.

Mace, G.M., K. Norris and A.H. Fitter. (2012). Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services : A Multilayered Relationship. Trends Ecology and Evolution, 27(1), 19-26.

Marchese, C. (2015). Biodiversity Hotspots: A Shortcut for a More Complicated Concept. Global Ecology and Conservation, 3, 297-309.

Méndez-López, M.E., García-Frapolli, E., Pritchard, D.J., González, M.C.S., Ruiz-Mallén, I., Porter-Bolland, L., Reyes-Garcia, V. (2014). Local Participation in Biodiversity Conservation Initiatives: A Comparative Analysis of Different Models in South East Mexico. Environmental Management, 145, 321-329.

Mouysset, L., Doyen, L., Jiguet, F. (2012). Different Policy Scenarios to Promote Various Targets of Biodiversity. Ecological Indicators, 14(1), 209-221.

Nasi, R., Billand, A., van-Vliet, N. (2012). Managing for Timber and Biodiversity in the Congo Basin. Forest Ecology and Management, 268, 103-111.

Nesbitt, M., R.P.H. McBurney, M. Broin and H.J. Beentje. (2010). Linking Biodiversity, Food and Nutrition: The Importance of Plant Identification and Nomenclature. Food Composition and Analysis, 23, 486-498.

Njurumana, G.N., Marsono, D., Irham dan Sadono, R. (2014). Konservasi Keanekaragaman Hayati Tanaman Pada Sistem Kaliwu di Pulau Sumba. Manusia dan Lingkungan, 21(1), 75-82.

Njurumana, G.N., Raharjo, S.A.S., Hidayatullah, M., Oematan, O.K., dan Lalus M. (2015). Pemanfaatan dan Konsumsi Sirih-Pinang dalam Tradisi Nginang di Nusa Tenggara Timur. (Laporan Hasil Penelitian). Kupang: Balai Penelitian Kehutanan Kupang. (Tidak dipublikasikan).

Pearce, F., (2011). Conservation and Poverty Reduction. Conservation Magazine. http://www.conservationmagazine.org/2014/02/conservation-and-poverty/.

Pereira, H.M., Ferrier, S., Walters, M., Geller, G.N., Jongman, R.H.G., Scholes, R.J., Bruford, M.W., Brummit, N., Butchart, S.H.M., Cardosa, A.C., Coops, N.C., Dulloo, E., Faith, D.P., Freyhof, J., Gregory, R.D., Heip, C., Hoft, R., Hurt, G., Jetz, W., Karp, D.S., McGeoch, M.A., Obura, D., Onoda, Y., Reyers, B., Sayre, R., Scharlemann, J.P.W., Stuart, S.N., Turak, E., Walpole, M., Wegmann, M. (2013). Essential Biodiversity Variables. Science, 339(6117), 277-278.

Potter, K.M., Woodall, C.W. (2014). Does Biodiversity Make a Difference? Relationships Between Species Richness, Evolutionary Diversity, and Above Ground Live Tree Biomass Across U.S. Forests. Forest Ecology and Management, 321, 117-129.

Ramakrishnan, P.S., (2007). Traditional Forest Knowledge and Sustainable Forestry : A North-East India Perspective. Forest Ecology and Management, 249, 91-99.

Rasolofoson, R.A., Ferraro, P.J., Jenkins, C.N., Jones, J.P.G. (2015). Effectiveness of Community Forest Management at Reducing Deforestation in Madagascar. Biological Conservation, 184, 271-277.

Reyers, B. (2013). Conserving Biodiversity Outside Protected Areas. Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, 2, 289-305.

Robinson, D.A., N. Hockley, D.M. Cooper, B.A. Emmett, A.M. Keith, I. Lebron, B. Reynolds, E. Tiping, A.M. Tye, C.W. Watts, W.R. Whalley, H.I.J. Black, G.P. Warren and J.S. Robinson. (2013). Natural Capital and Ecosystem Services, Developing an Appropriate Soils Framework as a Basis for Valuation. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 57, 1023-1033.

Rombang W.M., Trainor C. dan Lesmana D. (2002). Daerah Penting bagi Burung di Nusa Tenggara. Bogor: BirdLife Indonesia dan PHKA - Departemen Kehutanan.

Sandifer, P.A., Sutton-Grier, A.E., Ward, B.P. (2015). Exploring Connections Among Nature, Biodiversity, Ecosystem Services, and Human Health and Well-being: Opportunities to Enhance Health and Biodiversity Conservation. Ecosystem Services, 12, 1-15.

Schusser, C. (2013). Who Determines Biodiversity? An Analysis of Actors' Power and Interests in Community Forestry in Namibia. Forest Policy and Economics, 36, 42-51.

Vel, J. (2010). Ekonomi-Uma : Penerapan adat dalam dinamika ekonomi berbasis kekerabatan. (judul asli : The Uma-Economy: Indigenous economics and development work in Lawonda, Sumba (Eastern Indonesia). Alih bahasa oleh Myrne Tehubijuluw-Umboh. Ed.1. Jakarta: HuMa; Vollenhoven Institute; KITLV.

Walters, J.L. and I. Mulder. (2009). Valuing Nature, the Economics of Biodiversity. Nature Conservation, 17, 245-247.

Wallace, K. J. (2012). Values: Drivers for Planning Biodiversity Management. Environmental Science & Policy, 17, 1-11.

Warren, P., Harlan, S.L., Boone, C., Lerman, S.B., Schocat, E., Kinzig, A.P. (2010). Urban Ecology and Human Social Organisations. In Gaston, K.J. (Ed), Urban Ecology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp 172-201.

Yadav, B.D., Bigsby, H., MacDonald, I. (2015). How Can Poor and Disadvantaged Households Get an Opportunity to Become a Leader in Community Forestry in Nepal?. Forest Policy and Economics, 52, 27-38.

Zerbe, N. (2005). Biodiversity, Ownership and Indigenous Knowledge: Exploring Legal Frameworks for Community, Farmers, and Intellectual Property Rights in Africa. Ecological Economics, 53, 493-506.

Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.