Open Journal Systems

GROWTH CHARACTERISTIC OF CENDANA (Santalum album Linn.) FROM SUMBA ISLAND POPULATION

Sumardi Sumardi, Hery Kurniawan, Misto Misto

Sari

Cendana (Santalum album Linn.) is a species that has a high economic value because of the essential oil content in the heartwood. The high economic value in the heartwood had pushed exploitation action to these species. Exploitation being offset by regeneration efforts has resulting in a decrease of its populations and genetic variation. The remaining genetic variation can be conserved through establishing Ex-Situ conservation stands which simultaneously fucntioned as basic populations for tree improvement purposes in the future. In 2013, Forestry Research Institute of Kupang has established an Ex-Situ conservation plot of cendana originally from Sumba island population. The research design was laid out in Incomplete Block Design (IBD) consisting of 57 families, single treeplot and 5 replication with a spacing of 4 x 4 m. This study was aimed to investigate the characteristics and the influence of genetic factors on the characteristics of cendana of Sumba Island population until the age of 6 months. The result of study showed that the average growth of height and diameter are 37.36 cm and 3.88 mm, respectively. The estimate family heritability (h2f) for height and diameter are 0,80 and 0.55, respectively.

Kata Kunci

Growth characteristic; cendana; population; heritability

Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi

Bano. E.T. (2001). Peranan Cendana dalam Perekonomian NTT: Dulu dan Kini. Prosiding Cendana (Santalum album L.) Sumber Daya Otonomi Daerah Nusa Tenggara Timur. Berita Biologi Edisi Khusus. Pusat Penelitian Biologi, LIPI, 469-474.

Hadiyan, Y. (2010). Pertumbuhan dan Parameter Genetik Uji Keturunan Tanaman Sengon (Falcataria moluccana) di Cikampek Jawa Barat. Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan, 4(2), 101-108.

Hardiyanto, E.B. (2009). Uji Keturunan (Bahan Kuliah) Sekolah Pasca Sarjana Program Studi Ilmu Kehutanan Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta, 112p.

Haryjanto, L. (2009). Keragaman Genetik Cendana (Santalum album Linn) di Kebun Konservasi Ex-Situ Watusipat, Gunungkidul, Dengan Penanda Isozim. Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan, 3(3), 127-138.

Ismail, B. Dan Y. Hadiyan. (2008). Evaluasi Awal Uji Keturunan Sengon (Falcataria moluccana) Umur 8 Bulan Di Kabupaten Kediri Jawa Timur. Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan, 2(3), 1-7.

Leksono, B. (1994). Variasi genetik produksi getah Pinus merkusii Jungh. Et. De Vriese. (Master, Thesis). Program Studi Ilmu Kehutanan, Jurusan Ilmu-ilmu Pertanian. Fakultas Pasca Sarjana UGM, 129p.

Lestari, F. (2010). Karakteristik Pembungaan Tiga Provenan Dan Empat Ras Lahan Cendana. Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan, 7(2), 59-65.

Nirsatmanto, A. (2005). Study on Statistical Genetic Analysis and Application to The Breeding in Acacia mangium. (Doctoral, Thesis). Kyusu University, 101p.

O’Neill, Mick. (2010). ANOVA & REML: A Guide to Linear Mixed Models In An Experimental Design Context. STatistical Advisory & Training Service Pty Ltd, 172p.

Rimbawanto, A., AYBPC Widyatmoko dan P. Sulistyowati. (2006). Distribusi Keragaman Genetik Populasi Santalum album L berdasarkan Penanda RAPD. Jurnal Penelitian Hutan Tanaman, 3(3), 175-181.

Rimbawanto, A. (2011). Strategi Konservasi Cendana di Timor Barat (Laporan Kegiatan). Public Sector Linkage Program: ”Interventions to Promote Sustainable Natural Forest Resource Management in West Timor, Indonesia”. Balai Penelitian Kehutanan Kupang, 64-86.

Singh, B and B.P. Bhatt. (2008). Provenance Variation in Pod, Seed, and Seedling Traits of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb, Central Himalaya, India. Tropical Agricultural Research and Extension, 11, 39-44.

Sumardi, H. Kurniawan, M. Lalus, K. Missa, K. Ceunfin. (2013). Teknik Konservasi Ex-Situ Cendana (Santalum album Linn.) Di Nusa Tenggara Timur (Laporan Hasil Penelitian). Balai Penelitian Kehutanan Kupang, 39p.

Yudohartono, T.P. dan B. Ismail. (2012). Variasi Genetik Uji Provenan Merbau Sampai Umur 3 Tahun Di Bondowoso, Jawa Timur. Jurnal Pemuliaan Hutan Tanaman, 6 (1), 27-36

Yudohartono, T.P. (2013). Karakteristik Pertumbuhan Jabon Dari Provenan Sumbawa Tingkat Semai dan Setelah Penanaman. Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan, 7(2), 85-96.

Zobel, B.J., E. Thurbjorsen and F. Henson. (1960). Geographic site and individual tree variation in wood properties of loblolly pine. Silvae Genetica, 9(6), 149-158.

Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.