Open Journal Systems

TEST OF Morus khunpai AND M.indica HYBRID TOWARDS SILKWORM FEED

Nurhaedah Muin, Heri Suryanto, Minarningsih Minarningsih

Sari

The sustainability of silkworm rearing depends on the availability of qualified mulberry plants. The research is aimed to observe the compatibility of hybrid Morus khunpai and M.indica (KI hybrid) for silkworm's feeding. It is related to the cocoon and filament quality. KI hybrids are a result of pollination control male parent M.khunpai and female parent M.indica S-54. The research applied a Randomized Complete Design by measuring variables, i.e.: the percentage of cocoon, number of normal cocoon, cocoon weight, cocoon shell weight, cocoon shell ratio and filament length. The result showed that cocoon and filament quality of silkworm fed by mulberry hybrid M.khunpai and M.indica (KI) have shown non-significant differences compared with silkworm fed by mulberry parents (M.khunpai and M.indica and the control (M.nigra). This situation showed that there has not been recognised yet as the compatibility of hybrid M.khunpai and M.indica (KI) hybrid for silkworm feeding.

Kata Kunci

Morus khunpai; M.indica; Mulberry; silkworm; KI hybrid

Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi

Atmosoedarjo, S., J. Kartasubrata, M. Kaomini, W. Saleh, dan W. Murdoko. (2000). Sutera Alam Indonesia. Jakarta: Yayasan Sarana Wana Jaya.

Budisantoso, H. (1993). Pengaruh operator dan alat pintal terhadap mutu benang sutera. Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan, 7(3), 16-22.

Balai Persuteraan Alam Sulawesi Selatan, (2014). Riview Rencana Pengembangan Persuteraan Alam Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan. Makalah disampaikan pada Pertemuan Konsultasi Publik Pengembangan Persuteraan Alam. Makassar 12 Mei 2014.

Kasmudjo, Tyagita R., dan R. Pujiarti. (2007). Pengaruh jenis daun murbei sumber pakan ulat sutera dan alat pengokonan terhadap rendemen dan kualitas benang sutera. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Masyarakat Peneliti Kayu Indonesia kerjasama Universitas Tanjungpura Halaman 229-239. Pontianak 9-11 Agustus.

Katsumata. F. (1975). Text Book of Sericulture. Tokyo, Japan: Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteers.

Kumar V., Kumar D., and Ram P. (2014). Varietal influence of mulberry on silkworm, Bombyx mori L. growth and development. Research Article. International Journal of Advanced Research, 2(3), 921-927.

Kumar H., Priya Y.S, Kumar M. and Vadamali E,. (2013). Effect of different mulberry varieties and seasons on growth and economic traits of bivoltine silkworm (Bombyx mori). Journal of entomology, 10 (3) 147-155.

Nguku EK, Mulie EM & Raina SK. (2007). Larva, cocoon and post cocoon characteristics of Bombyx mori L. (lepidoptera: Bombicidae) fed on mulberry leaves fortified with kenyan royal jelly. Journal of Applied Sciences and Environ Manage, 11(4), 85-89.

Nurhaedah, Budisantoso, H dan W. Isnan. (2006). Pengaruh murbei (Morus spp.) dan ulat sutera persilangan (Bombyx mory Linn.) terhadap kualitas ulat, kokon dan serat sutera. Jurnal Penelitian Hutan dan Konservasi Alam, 3(1), 65-73.

Nurhaedah. (2009). Pengaruh pakan pada resistensi ulat sutera (Bombyx mori L.) terhadap penyakit Grasserie. (Tesis, Sekolah Pasca Sarjana). Bogor: Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Nursita I. W., (2011). Perbandingan produktivitas ulat sutera dari dua tempat pembibitan yang berbeda pada kondisi lingkungan pemeliharaan panas. Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan, 21(3), 10-17.

Murthy V.N.Y., Ramesh H.L., and Munirajappa, (2013). Impact of Feeding selected mulberry varieties on Silkworm (Bombyx mory L.) through bioassay techniques for commercial explotation. Asian Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences, 2(4), 156-164.

Rochmawati, R. (2011). Kualitas Kokon Hasil Silangan Ulat Sutera (Bombyx mori L) Ras Cina dan ras jepang secara resiprokal. (Skripsi). Bogor: Departemen Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Peternakan. Fakultas Peternakan. Institute Pertanian Bogor.

Santoso, B. (2009). Uji coba varietas murbei yang cocok dikembangkan di daerah kering (Laporan Hasil Penelitian). Makassar: Balai Penelitian Kehutanan Makassar. (Tidak dipublikasi).

Santoso, B. dan R. Prayudyaningsih. (2005). Tingkat kerontokan dan produksi daun beberapa jenis murbei (Morus multicaulis Perr., M. nigra Linn ., dan M. indica S-54) di daerah berlahan kering. Jurnal Penelitian Hutan dan Konservasi Alam, 3(2), 119-126.

Shashidhar K.R., Narayanaswamy T.K., Sarithakumari S., Sudhir K. dan N.L., Naveena. (2009). Cocoon Parameters Of PM X CSR 2 Fed With Mulberry Raised Through Organic Based Nutrient Management. Journal of Biological Scinces, 1(1), 147-151.

Wageansyah R. D. R. (2007). Pengaruh Pemberian berbagai jenis daun Murbei (Morus spp.) terhadap pertumbuhan ulat sutera (Bombyx mori L.) dan kualitas kokon di Pusat Serikultur Sukamantri Bogor (Skripsi). Bogor: Departemen Biologi. Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam. Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Yulistiani, D. (2012). Tanaman murbei sebagai sumber protein hijauan pakan domba dan kambing. Wartazoa, 22(1), 46-52.

Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.