Open Journal Systems

Gambar Sampul

Analysis of biogeophysics characteristics and discharge of Lompo Riaja Atas river and Lompo Riaja Bawah river, Ralla sub watershed

Usman Arsyad, Beta Putranto, Nur Aeni, Wahyudi Isnan, Hasnawir Hasnawir

Sari

The biogeophysical characteristics of watersheds have an important role as a determinant of the river discharge amount in the watershed. Various watershed problems such as flood and drought related to river discharge require data and information. The importance of this data and information will determine a better watershed management plan. The issue of flooding and drought are the important issues in Ralla sub watershed, Souht Sulawesi Province. This study aims to describe the biogeophysical characteristics and the discharge of Lompo Riaja Atas and Lompo Riaja Bawah Rivers in Ralla sub watershed, Lisu Watershed. This research was conducted in from November 2016 to August 2017. Primary data collection was done through river discharge and precipitation measurements during 34 days of observation. Secondary data obtained from government or related agencies such as geological data obtained from Geological map of the Ujung Pandang sheet 1982, the slope data from Aster DEM, land type from RePPProt 1987, land cover data from google earth image 2015. A quantitative descriptive method was used to analyze the data obtained. The results showed that the Lompo Riaja Atas and Lompo Riaja Bawah rivers have relatively similar discharge fluctuation, although they have a different amount of discharge. River discharge of both rivers is more influenced by rainfall compared to biogeophysical conditions such as geology, topography, soil type, watershed area, watershed shape, river length and order, gradient, flow pattern, flow density, and land cover.

Kata Kunci

Biogeophysical characteristics; discharge; Lompo Riaja river; Ralla sub watershed

Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi

Aeni, N. (2017). Analisis karakteristik biofisik dan debit Sungai Lompo Riaja Atas dan Sungai Lompo Riaja Bawah di Sub DAS Ralla. Universitas Hasanuddin.

Arsyad, S. (2010). Konservasi Tanah dan Air. Bogor: IPB Press.

Asdak, C. (2010). Hidrologi dan Pengelolaan Daerah Aliran Sungai. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Bach, H., Clausen, T. J., Trang, D. T., Emerton, L., Facon, T., Hofer, T., … Whiting, L. (2011). From Local Watershed Management to Integrated River Basin Management at National and Transboundary Levels.

Basuki, T. M., Adi, R. N., & Sulasmiko, E. (2017). Hasil air hutan jati pada dua sub daerah aliran sungai dengan luas berbeda. Jurnal Penelitian Pengelolaan Daerah Aliran Sungai, 1(1), 1–14.

Calijuri, M. L., Castro, J. S., Costa, L. S., Assemany, P. P., & Alves, J. E. M. (2015). Impact of land use/land cover changes on water quality and hydrological behavior of an agricultural subwatershed. Environ Earth Sci, 74(6), 5373–5382. doi: 10.1007/s12665- 015-4550-0.

Hasnawir, Kubota, T., Sanchez-Castillo, L., & Soma, A. D. (2017). The influence of land use and rainfall on shallow landslides in Tanralili sub-watershed, Indonesia. J. Fac. Agr., Kyushu University, 62(1), 171–176.

Hirpa, F. A., Gebremichael, M., & Over, T. M. (2010). River flow fluctuation analysis: Effect of watershed area. Water Resources Research, 46(12), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1029/2009WR009000.

Isnan, W., & Hasnawir. (2018). Analisis karakteristik dan tipologi DAS Mapili Provinsi Sulawesi Barat. Jurnal Wasian, 5(1), 21–34.

Juanda, D. S. (2016). Deskripsi Karakteristik Biofisik dan Kaitannya dengan Debit Air Sungai Sapaya, Sub DAS Jenelata. Universitas Hasanuddin.

Kementerian Kehutanan. (2013). Peraturan Direktur Jenderal Bina Pengelolaan Daerah Aliran Sungai dan Perhutanan Sosial Nomor: P.3/V-Set/2013 Tentang Pedoman Identifikasi Karakteristik Daerah Aliran Sungai. Jakarta: Biro Hukum Kementerian Kehutanan Republik Indonesia.

Mander, Ü., & Tournebize, J. (2014). Watershed Management☆. Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences, (December 2013), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-409548-9.09124-7

Mappangaja, B. (1983). The Improvised Current Meter for Stream Discharge Measurement. University of Philipines at Los Banos.

Marwadi, M. (2012). Rekayasa Konservasi Tanah dan Air. Yogyakarta: Bursa Ilmiah.

Mogollón, B., Villamagna, A. M., Frimpong, E. A., & Angermeier, P. L. (2016). Mapping technological and biophysical capacities of watersheds to regulate floods. Ecological Indicators, 61(2016), 483–499. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2015.09.049

Muchtar, A., & Abdullah, N. (2007). Analisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi debit Sungai Mamasa. Jurnal Hutan Dan Masyarakat, 2(1), 174–187.

Nasrullah, & Kartiwa, B. (2009). Model hidrologi DAS Aih Tripe Hulu untuk prediksi banjir dan kekeringan. Jurnal Tanah Dan Iklim, 1(29), 35–52.

Ningkeula, E. S. (2015). Analisis karakteristik meteorologi dan morfologi DAS Wai Samal Kecamatan Seram Utara Timur Kobi Kabupaten Maluku Tengah. Jurnal Ilmiah Agribisnis Dan Perikanan, 8(2), 81–91.

Nugroho, P., Marsono, D., Sudira, P., & Suryatmojo, H. (2013). Impact of Land-use Changes on Water Balance. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 17, 256–262. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2013.02.036

Nurtaev, B. (2015). Influence of solar activity on global large rivers runoff trends. In Proceedings of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences (pp. 192–193). https://doi.org/10.5194/piahs-366-192-2015

Purwanto, T. H. (2013). Ekstraksi Morfometri Daerah Aliran Sungai dari Data Digital Surface Model (Studi Kasus DAS Opak). Retrieved June 4, 2018, from http://geo.ugm.ac.id/main/?p=2418

Quyen, N. T. N., Liem, N. D., & Loi, N. K. (2014). Effect of land use change on water discharge in Srepok watershed, Central Highland, Viet Nam. International Soil and Water Conservation Research, 2(3), 74–86. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2095-6339(15)30025-3

Rahayu, S., Widodo, R. H., Noordwijk, M. van, Suryadi, I., & Verbist, B. (2009). Monitoring Air Di Daerah Aliran Sungai. Bogor: World agroforestry Centre - Southeast Asia Regional Office. Retrieved from http://www.worldagroforestry.org/downloads/Publications/PDFS/B16396.pdf

Rosyidie, A. (2013). Banjir : Fakta dan dampaknya, serta pengaruh dari perubahan guna lahan. Jurnal Perencanaan Wilayah Dan Kota, 24(3), 241–249.

Sanchez-Castillo, L., Kubota, T., Cantu-Silva, I., Moriyama, T., & Hasnawir. (2017). A probability method of rainfall warning for sediment-related disaster in developing countries: a case study in Sierra Madre Oriental, Mexico. Natural Hazards, 85(3), 1893–1906. http://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-016-2669-2

Soegiyanto. (2014). Pengelolaan Daerah Aliran Sungai Rawan Banjir. Jurnal Geografi, 12(1), 46–58.

Sun, Z., Lotz, T., & Chang, N. Bin. (2017). Assessing the long-term effects of land use changes on runoff patterns and food production in a large lake watershed with policy implications. Journal of Environmental Management, 204, 92–101. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.08.043

Supangat, A.B. (2012). Karakteristik hidrologi berdasarkan parameter morfometri DAS di kawasan Taman Nasional Meru Betiri. Jurnal Penelitian Hutan dan konservasi Alam, 9(3), 275–283.

Wahyuni. (2012). Karakteristik Debit Sungai Pada DAS Tallo Hulu (Sub DAS Jenepangkalung Dan Sub DAS Jenetalinggoa). Universitas Hasanuddin.

Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.