Open Journal Systems

Gambar Sampul

Molasses injection to improve growth and vitality of kesambi (Schleicera oleosa Merr) as lac insect host plant

Heri Suryanto, Supriyanto Supriyanto, Noor Farikhah Haneda

Sari

Lac is a non-timber forest product derived from the secretion of Laccifer lacca insects that are cultivated in kesambi tree (Schleicera oleosa Merr). Low lac production in Indonesia due to poor conditions of host plant indicated by poor growth symptoms, yellowing, and falling leaves. The aim of this research was to study the effect of molasses injection on the growth and vitality of kesambi tree. Molasses were injected into the plant using passive liquid injection methods. Pre-research activities were carried out by the tree trunk injection in 0.5, 1.5, and 2 meters above the ground using gentian violet to determine the best stem injection position, while the main research activity was performed by injection of the kesambi tree trunk using molasses in concentrations of 5, 10, 15% and water as control. The parameters measured at the pre-study was translocation length of gentian violet whereas at the main research were the volume uptake, the increase of branch diameter growth, total sugar content and chlorophyll content. Pre-research results showed that 1.5 meters above the ground is the best injection position. The main research results indicated that the highest volume uptake was water followed by others treatments. Molasses injection at concentration of 10% gives better effect on the increase of branch diameter growth (4.3 mm), obtained sugar content in 18.46%. The vitality of kesambi tree also increased by the molasses injection at concentration of 10%. It was shown by thein creased of chlorophyll a (1.117 mg/g), b (0.416), carotene (0.365), and Anthocyanin (0.094 mg/100g).

Kata Kunci

Trunk injection; kesambi (Schleicera oleosa Merr); molasses; vitality

Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi

Doccola, JJ., Smitley, DR., Davis, TW., Aiken, JJ., & Wild, PM. (2011). Tree wound respon followings systemic insectisede trunk injection treatments in green ash (farxinus pensylvanica Mars) as determined by destructive autopsy. Arbory Culture & Urban Forestry, 37(1), 6-12.

Gonda-king, L., Gomez, S., Martin, J.L., Orians, & C.M., Preisser, E.L. (2014). Tree respon to invasive sap feeding insect. Plant ecol, 215, 297-304.

Johnstone, D., Moore, G., Tausz, M., & Nicolas, M. (2013). The measurement of plant vitality in landscape trees. Arboricultural journal: The International journal of Urban forestry, 35(1), 18-27.

Kaushik, S., Pusker, AK., Shuman, L., Khrisansharma, K., & Ramani, R. (2012). Investigation on some of the important hostplant of Kerria lacca with reference to phloem distance. Eurasian Journal of Bioscince, 6, 32-38.

Martinez-Trinidad. (2008). Effect of carbohydrate application on growth and vitality of live oak (Quercus virginiana). A dissertation. Texas A & M University.

Martinez-Trinidad. (2009). Carbohidrate injection as a potential option to improve growth and vitality of live oak. Arboriculture & urban forestry, 35(3),142-147.

Pallardy, SG. (2008). Physiology of woody plants. 3rd Ed. New York: Academic Press.

Perhutani. (2012). Annual Report 2012. Jakarta pusat (Tidak dipublikasikan).

Pushker, A.K., Kaushik, S., Lakahanpaul, S., Sharma, K.K., & Ramni, R. (2011). Prelemanery photochemical investigation on the bark of some of important Host plant of Kerria lacca-the Indian lac insect. Botany research international, 4(3), 48-51.

Robbin, H.S. (1981). Pressure trunk injection of potassium as possible short term corrective measure for potassium defisiency in sweet cherry (Prunu avium L) and Prune (Prunus domestica L). (Thesis). Oregon State University.

Sanchez-Zamora, M.A. & Escobar, R.F. (1999). Injector-size and the time of application affect uptake of tree trunk-injected solution. Scientia Holtikulturae, 84(2000), 63-177.

Shang, S., Zhou, H., Chang, X., Liu, M., Li, N. & Shang, Q., (2014). Study on factors of inct large volume liquid into trunk. Journal Mathematical modeling of engineering problems, 1(1), 11-14.

Taskirawati, I., Suratmo, F.G., Darusman, D., & Haneda, N.F. (2008). Peluang investasi dan strategi pengembangan usaha budidaya kutu lak (Laccifer laccaKerr): study kasus di KPH Probolinggo, Perum perhutani Unit II Jawa Timur. Jurnal Perennial, 4(1), 23-27.

Tattar, T.A., Tattar, S.J. (1999). Efidence for the downward movements of material injected into tress. Journal of Arborocultur, 25(6), 325-332.

Valli, V., Gomez-Caravaca, A.M., Nunzio, M.D., Danesi, F., Caboni, M.F., & Bordoni, A., (2012). Sugar cane and sugar beet molasses, antioxidant alternatives to refined sugar. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 60, 12508-12515.

Vasitha, A., Rathi, B., Kaushik, S., Sharma, K.K., & Lakhanpaul, S. (2013). Phloem sap analysis of Schleichera oleosa Oken, Butea monosperma (Lam) Taub, Zizhipus Mauritania Lamb and hemolimp of Cerria lacca using HPLC and mass tandem spectrofotmetry. Physiology and molecular biology of plants, 19(4), 537-545.

Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.