Gambar Sampul

Crossing potential of open pollination in Cajuputi seedling seed orchard at Paliyan, Gunungkidul

Noor Khomsah Kartikawati, Sumardi Sumardi


There are two possibilities on open pollination: cross pollination and self pollination. This research was aimed to identify cross pollination potential within and among provenance, and to determine the flowering behavior of each provenance in seedling seed orchard of cajuputi at Paliyan, Gunungkidul. The research was conducted based on flowering phenology (start of flowering, end of flowering and duration of flowering in one period) for all flowering trees during two flowering periods. The result showed that there was high crossing potential in seedling seed orchard of cajuputi based on flowering synchrony. Land race of Gundih has highest crossing potential due to longevity and intensity of flowering, while the provenance from Northern Australia has the lowest crossing potential. Other provenances (Masarete, Rat Gelombeng, Waipirit, Pelita Jaya, Cotonea, Suli and Western Australia) also have high crossing potential at the time when the number of individual was greatest and flowering intensity highest. This research demonstrated that high crossing potential was found within provenance and among provenances except Northern Australia. The implication of this research deployment of improved seed produced from open pollination in seedling seed orchard was recommended for high crossing potential expressed from flowering synchrony.

Kata Kunci

Crossing potential; flowering; Melaleuca cajuputi; provenance; seedling seed orchard

Teks Lengkap:



Albert, J. , Iriondo, J. , Escudero, A., & Torres, E. (2008). Dissecting components of flowering pattern: size effect on female fitness. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 156, 227–236.

Alizoti, P. G., Kilimis, K., & Gallios, P. (2010). Temporal and spatial variation of flowering among Pinus nigra Arn. clones under changing climatic conditions. Forest Ecology and Management, 259(4), 786–797.

Bartrina, I., Otto, E., Strnad, M., Werner, T., & Schmulling, T. (2011). Cytokinin regulates the activity of reproductive meristems, flower organ size, ovule formation, and thus seed yield in Arabidopsis thaliana. The Plant Cell, 23, 69–80.

Chaix, Gerber, S., Razafimaharo, V., Vigneron, P., Verhaegen, D., & Hamon, S. (2003). Gene flow estimation with microsatellites in a Malagasy seed orchard of Eucalyptus grandis. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 107(4), 705–712.

Chaix, G., Vigneron, P., Razafimaharo, V., & Hamon, S. (2007). Are phenological observations sufficient to estimate the quality of seed crops from a Eucalyptus grandis open-pollinated seed orchard? Consequences for seed collections. New Forests, 33(1), 41–52.

Chen, Y. Y., & Hsu, S. B. (2011). Synchronized reproduction promotes species coexistence through reproductive facilitation. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 274(1), 136–144.

Colautti, R. I., & Barrett, S. C. H. (2010). Natural selection and genetic constraints on flowering phenology in an invasive plant. International Journal of Plant Sciences, 171(9), 960–971.

Dinas Tanaman Pangan dan Perikanan, (2010). Data Curah Hujan Kabupaten Gunungkidul. Gunungkidul.

Galloway, L, & Burgess, K. (2012). Artificial selection on flowering time; influence on reproductive phenology across natural light environments. Jounal of Ecology, 100. 852-861.

Giménez-Benavides, L., García-Camacho, R., Iriondo, J. M., & Escudero, A. (2010). Selection on flowering time in Mediterranean high-mountain plants under global warming. Evolutionary Ecology, 25(4), 777–794.

Johnson, M. T. (2007). Genotype-by-environment interactions leads to variable selection on life-history strategy in common evening primrose (Oenotherabiennis). J. Evol. Biol., 20, 190–200.

Jones, R. C., Vaillancourt, R. E., Gore, P. L., & Potts, B. M. (2011). Genetic control of flowering time in Eucalyptus globulus ssp globulus. Tree Genetics & Genomes, 7(6), 1209–1218. 10.1007/s11295-011-0407-1

Kartikawati, N.K. (2005). Tingkat inkompatibitas bersilang sendiri pada tanaman kayuputih. Jurnal Penelitian Hutan Tanaman, 2(3), 141–147.

Kartikawati, N.K. (2015). Indeks overlap dan sinkroni pembungaan dalam kebun benih kayuputih Paliyan, Gunungkidul. Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan, 9(2), 103–115.

Kartikawati, N.K., Naiem, M., Hardiyanto, & Rimbawanto, A, . (2013). Improvement of seed orchard management based on mating system of cajuputi trees. Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology, 18(I), 26–35.

Khanduri, V.P., Sharma, C. M., Kumar, K. S., & Ghildiyal, S. K. (2013). Annual variation in flowering phenology, pollination, mating system, and pollen yield in two natural populations of Schima wallichii (DC.) korth. The Scientific World Journal, 2013.

Kilkenny, F,& Galloway, L. (2008). Reproductive succes in varying light environments: direct and indirect effect of light on plants and pollinators. Oecologia, 155, 247–255.

Kudo, G. (2014). Vulnerability of phenological synchrony between plants and pollinators in an alpine ecosystem. Ecological Research, 29(4), 571–581.

Lesica, P., & Kittelson, P. M. (2010). Precipitation and temperature are associated with advanced flowering phenology in a semi-arid grassland. Journal of Arid Environments,74(9),1013–1017.

Norghauer, J. M., & Newbery, D. M. (2015). Tree size and fecundity influence ballistic seed dispersal of two dominant mast-fruiting species in a tropical rain forest. Forest Ecology and Management, 338, 100–113.

Petanidou, T., Kallimanis, A. S., Sgardelis, S. P., Mazaris, A. D., Pantis, J. D., & Waser, N.M. (2014). Variable flowering phenology and pollinator use in a community suggest future phenological mismatch. Acta Oecologica, 59, 104–111.

Pinyopusarerk, K., & Williams, E.R. (2000). Range-wide provenance variation in growth and morphological characteristics of Casuarina equisetifolia grown in Northern Australia. Forest Ecology and Management, 134(1-3), 219–232.

Pirez-Ramos, I. M., Aponte, C., Garcia, L. V., Padilla-Diaz, C. M., Maranon, T., & Delzon, S. (2014). Why Is seed production so variable among individuals? A ten-year study with oaks reveals the importance of soil environment. PLoS ONE, 9(12), 1–18.

Richardson, A., Keenana, T. ., Migliavaccab, M., Ryua, Y., Sonnentaga, O., & Toomeya, M. (2013). Climate change, phenology, and phenological controlof vegetatif feedbacks to the climate system. Agric. For, Meteorol, 169, 156–157.

Rosas, M., Ollerton, J., & Tabla, V. (2011). Phenotypic selection on flowering phenology and size in two dioecious plant species with different pollen vector. Plant Species Biology, 26, 205–212.

Tooke,F., & Battey, N. (2010). Temperate flowering phenology. Journal of Eksperimental Botany, 61(11), 2853–2862.

Varghese, C., Varghese, E., Jaggi, S., & Bhowmik, A. (2015). Eksperimental design for open pollination in polycross trials. Journal of Aplpied Statistic, 42(11), 2478–2484.

White, T.L., Adams, W. T., & Neale, D. B. (2007). Forest Genetics. Oxfordshire: CABI Publishing.

Zobel, B. J., & Talbert., J. (1984). Applied forest tree improvement. New York: John Wiley and Sons.



  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.


Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan Wallacea

Diterbitkan oleh (Published by):
Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan Makassar
(Environment and Forestry Research and Development Institute of Makassar)
Badan Penelitian, Pengembangan dan Inovasi (Research, Development and Innovation Agency)
Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan (Ministry of Environment and Forestry)
Alamat (Address): Jalan Perintis kemerdekaan Km. 16 Makassar,90243, Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia
Telepon (Phone): 62-411-554049
 Fax (Fax): 62-411-554058
Website :


Copyright of Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan Wallacea (e-ISSN 2407-7860 p-ISSN 2302-299X)

      Crossref logo    Lisensi Creative Commons
Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-NonKomersial-BerbagiSerupa 4.0 Internasional.