Open Journal Systems

Gambar Sampul

THE APPLICATION OF ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAL FUNGI (AMF) AND COMPOST TO IMPROVE THE GROWTH OF TEAK SEEDLINGS (Tectona grandis Linn. f.) ON LIMESTONE POST-MINING SOIL

Retno Prayudyaningsih, Ramdana Sari

Sari

The characteristics of limestone post-mining soil are low physical, chemical and biological soil fertility, which have adverse effect on plant growth. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and compost application is expected to enhance plant growth. AMF association expand nutrients absorption area. Compost application provides nutrients and increases soil porosity, which significantly supports plant growth and AMF development. Therefore, the effectiveness of AMF or compost could be improved if both are applied simultaneously. The study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of the AMF and compost to teak seedling growth on limestone post-mining soil. A completely randomized design was applied with factorial pattern. There are 2 factors of treatment i.e AMF inoculation (K=without AMF, A=Acaulospora sp., G=Gigaspora sp., and M=Mix of Acaulospora sp. and Gigaspora sp.) and Compost percentage (K0=without compost, K5=5% compost, K10=10% compost, and K15=15% compost). The results showed AMF and compost application improved growth compared to the quality of teak seedling. Inoculation of Gigaspora sp. with 5% compost gave the best responses for stem diameter and seedling quality index. The best leaves accretion was denoted by the seedlings that were inoculated by Mix AMF with 5% compost. Inoculation of Acaulospora sp. with 15% compost had better growth response for biomass. Root-top ratio and AMF colonization were shown in seedling that was inoculated by Gigaspora sp. with 15% of compost. Gigaspora sp. with 5% compost, therefore, is the best combination for increasing seedling quality.

Kata Kunci

Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF); compost; limestone post-mining area; teak

Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi

Abbaspour H., S. Saedi-Sar, H. Afshari dan M.A, Abdel-Wahhab. (2012). Tolerance of Mycorrhiza Infected Pistachio (Pistacia vera L.) Seedling to Drought Stress Under Glasshouse Condition. Journal of Plant Physiology, 169(7), 704 – 709.

Andrade, F.R., F.A. Petter, B.H. Marimon Junior, L.G. Goncalves, T.R. Schossler, J.C.A. Nobrega. (2015). Formulation of Alternative Substrate in The Initial Formation of Ingazeiro Seedlings. Sceintia Agraria Paranaensis, 14(4), 234 – 239.

Alloway, B.J., (2009). Soil factors associated with zinc deficiency in crops and humans.Environ (Abstr). Geochem. Health, 31(5), 537 - 548.

Anonim. (2013). http://www.tempo.co/read/news/2013/12/22/090539325/2014-Kebutuhan-Semen-Akan-Naik-10-Persen, akses 23 Desember 2013.

Bucher, M. (2007). Functional Biology of Plant Phosphate Uptake at Root and Mycorrhiza Interfaces. New Phytologist, 173(1), 11-26.

Carvalho, L.M., I. Cacador dan M.A. Martins-Loucao. (2006). Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Enhance Root Cadmium and Copper Accumulation in The Roots of The Salt Marsh Plant Aster Tripolium L. Plant and Soil, 285(1), 161 – 169.

Darwo dan Sugiarti. (2008). Pengaruh Dosis Serbuk Spora Cendawan Scleroderma citrinum Persoon dan Komposisi Media terhadap Pertumbuhan Tusam di Persemaian. Jurnal Penelitian Hutan dan Konservasi Alam, 5(5), 461 – 472.

Elfianti D. dan E.B.M. Siregar. (2010). Pemanfaatan Kompos Tandan Kosong Sawit Sebagai Campuran Media Tumbuh dan Pemberian Mikoriza Pada Bibit Mindi (Melia azedarach, L). Jurnal Hidrolitan, 1(3), 11 – 12.

Fitrianah, L., S. Fatimah, dan Y. Hidayati. (2012). Pengaruh Komposisi Media Tanam Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Kandungan Saponin pada Dua Varietas Tanaman Gendola (Basella sp.). Agrovigor, 5(1), 34 – 46.

Giovannetti, M dan B. Mosse. (1980). An Evaluation of Tecnique for Measuring Vesicular Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Infection in Roots. New Phytologist, 84, 489 – 500.

Junaedi, A., A. Hidayat, dan D. Frianto. (2010). Kualitas Fisik Bibit Meranti Tembaga (Shorea leprosula Miq.) Asal Stek Pucuk pada Tingkat Umur. Jurnal Penelitian Hutan dan Konservasi Alam, 7(3), 281 – 288.

Karepesina, S. (2007). Keanekaragaman Fungi Mikoriza Arbuskula dari Bawah Tegakan Jati Ambon (Tectona grandis Linn.f.) dan Potensi Pemanfaatannya. (Tesis). Bogor: Institut Pertanian. (Tidak dipublikasikan).

Laude, S. dan Y. Tambing. (2010). Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Bawang Daun (Allium fistulosum L.) pada Berbagai Dosis Pupuk Kandang Ayam. Jurnal Agroland, 17(2), 144 – 148.

Lehman, A., S. D., Veresoglou, E. F. Leifheit, and M. C. Rillig. (2014). Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Influence on Zinc Nutrition in Crop Plants-A Meta-analysis. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 69, 123 – 131.

Mahfudz, M., A. Fauzi, Yuliah, T. Hermawan, Prastyono, dan Supriyanto. (2004). Sekilas Jati. Yogyakarta: Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Bioteknologi dan Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan, p. 30-33.

Matysiakan, B. and G. Falkowski. (2010). Response of Three Ornamental Plant Species to Inoculation With Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Depending on Compost Addition to Peat Substrate and The Rate of Controlled Release Fertilizaer. Journal of Fruit and Ornamental Plant Research, 18(2), 321 – 333.

Nurhayati. (2012). Infektivitas Mikoriza pada Berbagai Jenis Tanaman Inang dan Beberapa Jenis Sumber Inokulum. Jurnal Floratek, 7(1), 25 – 31.

Orcutt, D.M and E.T. Nielsen. (2000). Physiology of Plants Under Stress: Biotic Factor. Canada: John wiley & Sons Inc.

Ozdemir, G., A. Akpinar, A. Sabir, H. Bilir, S. Tangolar and I. Ortas. (2010). Effect of Inoculation with Mycorrhizal Fungi on Growth and Nutrient Uptake of Grapevine Genotypes (Vittis sp.), European Journal of Horticultura Science,. 75 (3), 103 – 110.

Pinto, M. C. X., A. H., Kihara, V.A.M. Goulart, F. M. P., Tonelli, K. N., Gomes, H. Ulrich and R. R. Resende. (2015). Calcium Signalingn and Cell Proliferation. Cellular Signalling, 27(11), 2139 – 2149.

Prayudyaningsih, R. (2008). Keragaman Fungi Mikoriza Arbuskula (FMA) di Lahan Bekas Tambang Kapur, PT. Semen Tonasa dan Efektivitasnya Terhadap Pertumbuhan Semai Kersen (Muntingia calabura L.). (Tesis). Universitas Gadjah Mada.Yogyakarta. (Tidak dipublikasikan).

Prayudyaningsih, R. dan A. S. R. Dania. (2012). Efek Fungi Mikoriza Arbuskula (FMA) dan Kompos terhadap Pertumbuhan Semai Pulai (Alstonia scholaris (L.)R.Br) pada Media Semai Tanah Bekas Tambang Kapur. Prosiding Ekspose BPK Makassar, hal. 246 – 259. 28 Juni 2012. Makassar.

Prayudyaningsih, R. (2013). Pertumbuhan Semai Alstonia scholaris, Acacia auriculiformis dan Muntingia calabura Yang diinokulasi Fungi Mikoriza Arbuskula Pada Media Tanah Bekas Tambang Kapur. Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan Wallaceae, 3 (1), 13 – 23.

Rewald, B., L. Holzer and H. Goransson. (2015). Arbuscular Mycorrhiza Inoculum Reduces Root Respiration and Improves Biomass Accumulation of Salt-Stress Ulmus glabra Seedling. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 14(2), 432 – 437.

Sheng, K. (2007). Effects of Copper on The Photosynthesis and Oxidative Metabolism of Amaranthus tricolor Seedling. Agricultural Sciences in China, 6(10), 1182 – 1192.

Soewandita, H. (2010). Pengembangan Nutrient Block untuk Mendukung Rehabilitasi Lahan Pasca Tambang. Laporan Akhir Program Insentif Perekayasa KRT, No. 25. Pusat Teknologi Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Lahan Wilayah dan Mitigasi Bencana. Badan Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi.

Smith, S.E dan D.J. Read. (2008). Mycorrhizal Symbiosis. (3th edition). New York: Academic Press.

Turjaman, M.,R.S.B. Iriyanto, I.R. Sitepu, E. Widyanti, E.Santoso dan A. Mas’ud. (2003). Aplikasi Bioteknologi Cendawan Mikoriza Arbuskula Glomus manihotis dan Glomus ageratum sebagai Pemacu Pertumbuhan Semai Jati (Tectona grandis Linn.f) Asal Jatirogo di Persemaian. Dalam: Prosiding Nasional Jati. 29 Mei 2003. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Bioteknologi dan Pemuliaan Hutan Tanaman.

Yelianti, U., Kasli, M. Kasim, dan E. F. Husin. (2009). Biodiversity of Arbuscular Mychorrizal Fungi (AMF) on Potatos Rhizozphere and It Potential As Biofetilizer. Sainstek,12(1), 59 – 64.

Xie, X., B. Weng, B. Cai, Y. Dong dan C. Yan. (2014). Effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculation and phosphorus supplyon the growth and nutrient uptake of Kandelia obovata (Sheue, Liu &Yong) seedlings in autoclaved soil. Applied Soil Ecology, 75, 162 – 171.

Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.